Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. With such a massive land area, Madagascar features very diverse and distinctive terrains and habitats from volcanic mountain chains, central highlands to the humid rainforests in the east, dry sandstone cliffs in the west and karst forests in the north.
About 80% – 90% of Madagascar’s flora and fauna are only found on the island. The most unique and famous plant is the baobab tree. Madagascar is also home to 70 species of lemurs found nowhere else on Earth. There are around 150 species of chameleons in the world, and more than half of them can be found in Madagascar. 59 of them are endemic to Madagascar.